Draft Directives for the Politbureau of the CC, RCP(b) on the Allotment of Lands for Sugar-Beet Cultivation in the Ukraine
|Written||10 October 1921|
Source: Lenin Collected Works, 1st English Edition, Progress Publishers, 1965, Moscow, Volume 42, pages 346b-347a.
Lenin’s draft directives were adopted by the Politbureau on October 10, 1921, following the report of C. G. Rakovsky, V. Y. Chubar and G. I. Petrovsky. “On this question a general orientation was given,” stated the CC Report for OctoberNovember 1921, “in the sense of a more careful and attentive attitude being shown towards the needs of the peasants and securing their co-operation with the state” (Izvestia of the Central Committee, RCP(b) No. 36 for December 15, 1921).
of the Politbureau on the allotment of lands in the Ukraine to the refineries for sugar-beet cultivation and on the compliance of the peasants on the lands adjoining the sugar refineries with compulsory crop rotation and fixed norms of culture.
1. This reform is to be carried out with the greatest care, no single step to be taken without practical verification that the business of beet cultivation is adequately provided for by a rational system of farming and by the peasant’s own personal interest in the matter.
2. 400,000 dessiatines to be allotted to the refineries, this figure to be checked as to whether it is really necessary for ensuring properly organised large-scale factory farming.
The refineries to be made responsible for all the land allotted to them being rationally cultivated and utilised for the plants.
3. Compulsory crop rotation to be introduced on the peasant lands and obligatory norms of culture to be applied to them only in those cases where beet crops have long been cultivated on these lands.
4. Strict care should be taken that the relations between the sugar refineries and the beet-cultivating peasants are based on a really voluntary agreement within the limits of an obligatory fixed beet-sowing area.